ObjC的Block中使用weakSelf/strongSelf @weakify/@strongify

iOSApp内存优化(二)这篇文章中解决block循环引用的时候曾经提到@weakify和@strongify,下面就仔细说下这块的内容。

首先要说说什么时候使用weakSelf和strongSelf。 下面引用一篇博客《到底什么时候才需要在ObjC的Block中使用weakSelf/strongSelf》的内容:

Objective C 的 Block 是一个很实用的语法,特别是与GCD结合使用,可以很方便地实现并发、异步任务。但是,如果使用不当,Block 也会引起一些循环引用问题(retain cycle)—— Block 会 retain ‘self’,而 ‘self‘ 又 retain 了 Block。因为在 ObjC 中,直接调用一个实例变量,会被编译器处理成 ‘self->theVar’,’self’ 是一个 strong 类型的变量,引用计数会加 1,于是,self retains queue, queue retains block,block retains self。

解决 retain circle

Apple 官方的建议是,传进 Block 之前,把 ‘self’ 转换成 weak automatic 的变量,这样在 Block 中就不会出现对 self 的强引用。如果在 Block 执行完成之前,self 被释放了,weakSelf 也会变为 nil。 示例代码:

__weak __typeof__(self) weakSelf = self;
	dispatch_async(dispatch_get_global_queue(DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_DEFAULT, 0), ^{
		[weakSelf doSomething];
	});

clang 的文档表示,在 doSomething 内,weakSelf 不会被释放。但,下面的情况除外:

__weak __typeof__(self) weakSelf = self;
    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_global_queue(DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_DEFAULT, 0), ^{
    [weakSelf doSomething];
    [weakSelf doOtherThing];
 });

在 doSomething 中,weakSelf 不会变成 nil,不过在 doSomething 执行完成,调用第二个方法 doOtherThing 的时候,weakSelf 有可能被释放,于是,strongSelf 就派上用场了:

__weak __typeof__(self) weakSelf = self;
    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_global_queue(DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_DEFAULT, 0), ^{
    __strong __typeof(self) strongSelf = weakSelf;
    [strongSelf doSomething];
    [strongSelf doOtherThing];
});

__strong 确保在 Block 内,strongSelf 不会被释放。

总结


以上内容知道了我们为什么要用weakSelf和strongSelf, 为了简单实用一般会定义成宏weakify和strongify,如下:

#ifndef    weakify
#if __has_feature(objc_arc)

#define weakify( x ) \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic push") \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wshadow\"") \
autoreleasepool{} __weak __typeof__(x) __weak_##x##__ = x; \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic pop")

#else

#define weakify( x ) \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic push") \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wshadow\"") \
autoreleasepool{} __block __typeof__(x) __block_##x##__ = x; \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic pop")

#endif
#endif

#ifndef    strongify
#if __has_feature(objc_arc)

#define strongify( x ) \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic push") \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wshadow\"") \
try{} @finally{} __typeof__(x) x = __weak_##x##__; \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic pop")

#else

#define strongify( x ) \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic push") \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wshadow\"") \
try{} @finally{} __typeof__(x) x = __block_##x##__; \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic pop")

#endif
#endif

我们曾经说过ReactiveCoca中已经定义了两个宏@weakify和@strongify,可以直接用,属于比较牛逼的写法。这两个宏一定成对出现,先@weakify再@strongify.可以很好的管理Block内部对self的引用。可以一步步点开发现其实使用到了C语言中的组合运算符。

@weakify(self);  
dispatch_async(dispatch_get_global_queue(DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_DEFAULT, 0), ^{
    @strongify(self);
    [self doSomething];
    [self doOtherThing];
});

我已经将其单独提取出来,这样在不使用ReactiveCoca的项目中也能够直接使用这两个宏,如下:

#if DEBUG
#define rac_keywordify autoreleasepool {}
#else
#define rac_keywordify try {} @catch (...) {}
#endif

#define rac_weakify_(INDEX, CONTEXT, VAR) \
CONTEXT __typeof__(VAR) metamacro_concat(VAR, _weak_) = (VAR);

#define rac_strongify_(INDEX, VAR) \
__strong __typeof__(VAR) VAR = metamacro_concat(VAR, _weak_);

#define weakify(...) \
rac_keywordify \
metamacro_foreach_cxt(rac_weakify_,, __weak, __VA_ARGS__)

#define strongify(...) \
rac_keywordify \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic push") \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wshadow\"") \
metamacro_foreach(rac_strongify_,, __VA_ARGS__) \
_Pragma("clang diagnostic pop")


/**
 * Executes one or more expressions (which may have a void type, such as a call
 * to a function that returns no value) and always returns true.
 */
#define metamacro_exprify(...) \
((__VA_ARGS__), true)

/**
 * Returns a string representation of VALUE after full macro expansion.
 */
#define metamacro_stringify(VALUE) \
metamacro_stringify_(VALUE)

/**
 * Returns A and B concatenated after full macro expansion.
 */
#define metamacro_concat(A, B) \
metamacro_concat_(A, B)

/**
 * Returns the Nth variadic argument (starting from zero). At least
 * N + 1 variadic arguments must be given. N must be between zero and twenty,
 * inclusive.
 */
#define metamacro_at(N, ...) \
metamacro_concat(metamacro_at, N)(__VA_ARGS__)

/**
 * Returns the number of arguments (up to twenty) provided to the macro. At
 * least one argument must be provided.
 *
 * Inspired by P99: http://p99.gforge.inria.fr
 */
#define metamacro_argcount(...) \
metamacro_at(20, __VA_ARGS__, 20, 19, 18, 17, 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1)

/**
 * Identical to #metamacro_foreach_cxt, except that no CONTEXT argument is
 * given. Only the index and current argument will thus be passed to MACRO.
 */
#define metamacro_foreach(MACRO, SEP, ...) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt(metamacro_foreach_iter, SEP, MACRO, __VA_ARGS__)

/**
 * For each consecutive variadic argument (up to twenty), MACRO is passed the
 * zero-based index of the current argument, CONTEXT, and then the argument
 * itself. The results of adjoining invocations of MACRO are then separated by
 * SEP.
 *
 * Inspired by P99: http://p99.gforge.inria.fr
 */
#define metamacro_foreach_cxt(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, ...) \
metamacro_concat(metamacro_foreach_cxt, metamacro_argcount(__VA_ARGS__))(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, __VA_ARGS__)

/**
 * Identical to #metamacro_foreach_cxt. This can be used when the former would
 * fail due to recursive macro expansion.
 */
#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, ...) \
metamacro_concat(metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive, metamacro_argcount(__VA_ARGS__))(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, __VA_ARGS__)

/**
 * In consecutive order, appends each variadic argument (up to twenty) onto
 * BASE. The resulting concatenations are then separated by SEP.
 *
 * This is primarily useful to manipulate a list of macro invocations into instead
 * invoking a different, possibly related macro.
 */
#define metamacro_foreach_concat(BASE, SEP, ...) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt(metamacro_foreach_concat_iter, SEP, BASE, __VA_ARGS__)

/**
 * Iterates COUNT times, each time invoking MACRO with the current index
 * (starting at zero) and CONTEXT. The results of adjoining invocations of MACRO
 * are then separated by SEP.
 *
 * COUNT must be an integer between zero and twenty, inclusive.
 */
#define metamacro_for_cxt(COUNT, MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_concat(metamacro_for_cxt, COUNT)(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT)

/**
 * Returns the first argument given. At least one argument must be provided.
 *
 * This is useful when implementing a variadic macro, where you may have only
 * one variadic argument, but no way to retrieve it (for example, because \c ...
 * always needs to match at least one argument).
 *
 * @code
 
 #define varmacro(...) \
 metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
 
 * @endcode
 */
#define metamacro_head(...) \
metamacro_head_(__VA_ARGS__, 0)

/**
 * Returns every argument except the first. At least two arguments must be
 * provided.
 */
#define metamacro_tail(...) \
metamacro_tail_(__VA_ARGS__)

/**
 * Returns the first N (up to twenty) variadic arguments as a new argument list.
 * At least N variadic arguments must be provided.
 */
#define metamacro_take(N, ...) \
metamacro_concat(metamacro_take, N)(__VA_ARGS__)

/**
 * Removes the first N (up to twenty) variadic arguments from the given argument
 * list. At least N variadic arguments must be provided.
 */
#define metamacro_drop(N, ...) \
metamacro_concat(metamacro_drop, N)(__VA_ARGS__)

/**
 * Decrements VAL, which must be a number between zero and twenty, inclusive.
 *
 * This is primarily useful when dealing with indexes and counts in
 * metaprogramming.
 */
#define metamacro_dec(VAL) \
metamacro_at(VAL, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19)

/**
 * Increments VAL, which must be a number between zero and twenty, inclusive.
 *
 * This is primarily useful when dealing with indexes and counts in
 * metaprogramming.
 */
#define metamacro_inc(VAL) \
metamacro_at(VAL, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21)

/**
 * If A is equal to B, the next argument list is expanded; otherwise, the
 * argument list after that is expanded. A and B must be numbers between zero
 * and twenty, inclusive. Additionally, B must be greater than or equal to A.
 *
 * @code
 
 // expands to true
 metamacro_if_eq(0, 0)(true)(false)
 
 // expands to false
 metamacro_if_eq(0, 1)(true)(false)
 
 * @endcode
 *
 * This is primarily useful when dealing with indexes and counts in
 * metaprogramming.
 */
#define metamacro_if_eq(A, B) \
metamacro_concat(metamacro_if_eq, A)(B)

/**
 * Identical to #metamacro_if_eq. This can be used when the former would fail
 * due to recursive macro expansion.
 */
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive(A, B) \
metamacro_concat(metamacro_if_eq_recursive, A)(B)

/**
 * Returns 1 if N is an even number, or 0 otherwise. N must be between zero and
 * twenty, inclusive.
 *
 * For the purposes of this test, zero is considered even.
 */
#define metamacro_is_even(N) \
metamacro_at(N, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1)

/**
 * Returns the logical NOT of B, which must be the number zero or one.
 */
#define metamacro_not(B) \
metamacro_at(B, 1, 0)

// IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS FOLLOW!
// Do not write code that depends on anything below this line.
#define metamacro_stringify_(VALUE) # VALUE
#define metamacro_concat_(A, B) A ## B
#define metamacro_foreach_iter(INDEX, MACRO, ARG) MACRO(INDEX, ARG)
#define metamacro_head_(FIRST, ...) FIRST
#define metamacro_tail_(FIRST, ...) __VA_ARGS__
#define metamacro_consume_(...)
#define metamacro_expand_(...) __VA_ARGS__

// implemented from scratch so that metamacro_concat() doesn't end up nesting
#define metamacro_foreach_concat_iter(INDEX, BASE, ARG) metamacro_foreach_concat_iter_(BASE, ARG)
#define metamacro_foreach_concat_iter_(BASE, ARG) BASE ## ARG

// metamacro_at expansions
#define metamacro_at0(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at1(_0, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at2(_0, _1, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at3(_0, _1, _2, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at4(_0, _1, _2, _3, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at5(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at6(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at7(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at8(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at9(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at10(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at11(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at12(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at13(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at14(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at15(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at16(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at17(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at18(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at19(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17, _18, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_at20(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17, _18, _19, ...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)

// metamacro_foreach_cxt expansions
#define metamacro_foreach_cxt0(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT)
#define metamacro_foreach_cxt1(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0) MACRO(0, CONTEXT, _0)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt2(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt1(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0) \
SEP \
MACRO(1, CONTEXT, _1)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt3(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt2(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1) \
SEP \
MACRO(2, CONTEXT, _2)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt4(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt3(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2) \
SEP \
MACRO(3, CONTEXT, _3)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt5(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt4(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3) \
SEP \
MACRO(4, CONTEXT, _4)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt6(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt5(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4) \
SEP \
MACRO(5, CONTEXT, _5)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt7(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt6(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5) \
SEP \
MACRO(6, CONTEXT, _6)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt8(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt7(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6) \
SEP \
MACRO(7, CONTEXT, _7)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt9(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt8(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7) \
SEP \
MACRO(8, CONTEXT, _8)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt10(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt9(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8) \
SEP \
MACRO(9, CONTEXT, _9)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt11(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt10(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9) \
SEP \
MACRO(10, CONTEXT, _10)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt12(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt11(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10) \
SEP \
MACRO(11, CONTEXT, _11)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt13(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt12(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11) \
SEP \
MACRO(12, CONTEXT, _12)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt14(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt13(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12) \
SEP \
MACRO(13, CONTEXT, _13)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt15(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt14(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13) \
SEP \
MACRO(14, CONTEXT, _14)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt16(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt15(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14) \
SEP \
MACRO(15, CONTEXT, _15)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt17(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt16(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15) \
SEP \
MACRO(16, CONTEXT, _16)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt18(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt17(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16) \
SEP \
MACRO(17, CONTEXT, _17)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt19(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17, _18) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt18(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17) \
SEP \
MACRO(18, CONTEXT, _18)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt20(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17, _18, _19) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt19(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17, _18) \
SEP \
MACRO(19, CONTEXT, _19)

// metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive expansions
#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive0(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT)
#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive1(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0) MACRO(0, CONTEXT, _0)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive2(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive1(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0) \
SEP \
MACRO(1, CONTEXT, _1)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive3(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive2(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1) \
SEP \
MACRO(2, CONTEXT, _2)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive4(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive3(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2) \
SEP \
MACRO(3, CONTEXT, _3)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive5(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive4(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3) \
SEP \
MACRO(4, CONTEXT, _4)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive6(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive5(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4) \
SEP \
MACRO(5, CONTEXT, _5)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive7(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive6(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5) \
SEP \
MACRO(6, CONTEXT, _6)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive8(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive7(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6) \
SEP \
MACRO(7, CONTEXT, _7)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive9(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive8(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7) \
SEP \
MACRO(8, CONTEXT, _8)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive10(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive9(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8) \
SEP \
MACRO(9, CONTEXT, _9)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive11(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive10(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9) \
SEP \
MACRO(10, CONTEXT, _10)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive12(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive11(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10) \
SEP \
MACRO(11, CONTEXT, _11)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive13(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive12(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11) \
SEP \
MACRO(12, CONTEXT, _12)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive14(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive13(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12) \
SEP \
MACRO(13, CONTEXT, _13)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive15(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive14(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13) \
SEP \
MACRO(14, CONTEXT, _14)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive16(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive15(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14) \
SEP \
MACRO(15, CONTEXT, _15)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive17(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive16(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15) \
SEP \
MACRO(16, CONTEXT, _16)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive18(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive17(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16) \
SEP \
MACRO(17, CONTEXT, _17)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive19(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17, _18) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive18(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17) \
SEP \
MACRO(18, CONTEXT, _18)

#define metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive20(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17, _18, _19) \
metamacro_foreach_cxt_recursive19(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT, _0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, _11, _12, _13, _14, _15, _16, _17, _18) \
SEP \
MACRO(19, CONTEXT, _19)

// metamacro_for_cxt expansions
#define metamacro_for_cxt0(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT)
#define metamacro_for_cxt1(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) MACRO(0, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt2(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt1(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(1, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt3(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt2(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(2, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt4(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt3(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(3, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt5(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt4(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(4, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt6(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt5(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(5, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt7(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt6(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(6, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt8(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt7(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(7, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt9(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt8(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(8, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt10(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt9(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(9, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt11(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt10(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(10, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt12(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt11(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(11, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt13(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt12(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(12, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt14(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt13(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(13, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt15(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt14(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(14, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt16(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt15(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(15, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt17(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt16(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(16, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt18(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt17(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(17, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt19(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt18(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(18, CONTEXT)

#define metamacro_for_cxt20(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
metamacro_for_cxt19(MACRO, SEP, CONTEXT) \
SEP \
MACRO(19, CONTEXT)

// metamacro_if_eq expansions
#define metamacro_if_eq0(VALUE) \
metamacro_concat(metamacro_if_eq0_, VALUE)

#define metamacro_if_eq0_0(...) __VA_ARGS__ metamacro_consume_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_1(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_2(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_3(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_4(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_5(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_6(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_7(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_8(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_9(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_10(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_11(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_12(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_13(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_14(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_15(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_16(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_17(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_18(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_19(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq0_20(...) metamacro_expand_

#define metamacro_if_eq1(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq0(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq2(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq1(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq3(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq2(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq4(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq3(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq5(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq4(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq6(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq5(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq7(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq6(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq8(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq7(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq9(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq8(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq10(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq9(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq11(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq10(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq12(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq11(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq13(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq12(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq14(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq13(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq15(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq14(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq16(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq15(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq17(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq16(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq18(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq17(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq19(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq18(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq20(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq19(metamacro_dec(VALUE))

// metamacro_if_eq_recursive expansions
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0(VALUE) \
metamacro_concat(metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_, VALUE)

#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_0(...) __VA_ARGS__ metamacro_consume_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_1(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_2(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_3(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_4(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_5(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_6(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_7(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_8(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_9(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_10(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_11(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_12(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_13(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_14(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_15(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_16(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_17(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_18(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_19(...) metamacro_expand_
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive0_20(...) metamacro_expand_

#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive1(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive0(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive2(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive1(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive3(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive2(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive4(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive3(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive5(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive4(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive6(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive5(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive7(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive6(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive8(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive7(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive9(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive8(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive10(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive9(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive11(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive10(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive12(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive11(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive13(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive12(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive14(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive13(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive15(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive14(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive16(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive15(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive17(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive16(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive18(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive17(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive19(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive18(metamacro_dec(VALUE))
#define metamacro_if_eq_recursive20(VALUE) metamacro_if_eq_recursive19(metamacro_dec(VALUE))

// metamacro_take expansions
#define metamacro_take0(...)
#define metamacro_take1(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_take2(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take1(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take3(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take2(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take4(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take3(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take5(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take4(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take6(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take5(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take7(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take6(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take8(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take7(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take9(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take8(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take10(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take9(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take11(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take10(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take12(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take11(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take13(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take12(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take14(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take13(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take15(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take14(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take16(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take15(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take17(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take16(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take18(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take17(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take19(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take18(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_take20(...) metamacro_head(__VA_ARGS__), metamacro_take19(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))

// metamacro_drop expansions
#define metamacro_drop0(...) __VA_ARGS__
#define metamacro_drop1(...) metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__)
#define metamacro_drop2(...) metamacro_drop1(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop3(...) metamacro_drop2(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop4(...) metamacro_drop3(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop5(...) metamacro_drop4(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop6(...) metamacro_drop5(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop7(...) metamacro_drop6(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop8(...) metamacro_drop7(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop9(...) metamacro_drop8(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop10(...) metamacro_drop9(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop11(...) metamacro_drop10(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop12(...) metamacro_drop11(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop13(...) metamacro_drop12(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop14(...) metamacro_drop13(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop15(...) metamacro_drop14(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop16(...) metamacro_drop15(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop17(...) metamacro_drop16(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop18(...) metamacro_drop17(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop19(...) metamacro_drop18(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))
#define metamacro_drop20(...) metamacro_drop19(metamacro_tail(__VA_ARGS__))


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